This course offers theoretical and comparative analysis of democracies. First, we will analyze different theoretical models of democracy, namely the pluralist, elitist, representative, participatory, deliberative, populist, plebiscitary, national, transnational, global, cosmopolitan types. Second, our discussion will include the so-called different „stages” of democracy (such as minimalist, electoral, substantive, consolidated etc.). Finally, current empirical problems, such as the phenomenon of „post-democracy”, the signs of deterioration (deconsolidation, breakdown) and the rise of illiberal democracy, competitive authoritarianism and hybrid regimes will be identified. The readings cover some of the most important texts written by classics and contemporary classic authors in political science from Dahl to Diamond and from Schumpeter to Mair, Urbinati, Schmitter and several others. By the last class, students should hand over a 2000-word long final essay. Its topic must be discussed with me previously.