This course is the first of two dedicated to this topic. It is intended to introduce students to the major institutions and some of the major normative texts that regulate and guide the protection of cultural heritage at the international level. It will study 2 of UNESCO’s main conventions in this field (on World Heritage, on intangible cultural heritage) and the legal protection of cultural heritage in armed conflict. Besides UNESCO, international organizations for the protection of cultural heritage (ICOMOS, ICOM, ICCROM) and of archaeological heritage in particular will be studied. Through examples we shall also look briefly into how national legislations care for cultural heritage. The teaching is tailored to student without a background in law and to the needs of cultural heritage professionals.