Populist movements, rising states, and revisionist leaders have increasingly challenged the legitimacy of the existing world order and Western powers’ position at the top of it. These challenges raise questions not only about the viability and desirability of the current world order, but about order as such: what is international order? How do international orders function? And if we now live in a “liberal world order,” what are the fundamental alternatives?
This course will raise these questions by critically examining historical international orders and the expanding body of theory scholars use to understand them.