Methodological Debates in Environmental Research is a core course in the doctoral curriculum designed to help PhD students clarify and justify their own research assumptions. This course engages with several concepts that are fundamental to carrying out research; these include ontology and epistemology, as well as conceptual debates between objectivity and subjectivity, interpretivism and positivism, and quantitative and qualitative research approaches. The course engages some fundamental questions about what and how you can know anything about the world. A key aspect of becoming a doctorate (and an academic in general) is to be clear about the assumptions held with respect to what constitutes sound knowledge with the highest degree of certainty based ontological, epistemological and methodological assumptions.
We aim, first, to explore some of the fundamental conceptual areas and debates in environmental research (and research in general) and, second, to broaden our horizons by familiarizing ourselves with a range of assumptions and approaches across select researchers in the department. In this process, we will engage questions such as:
- Is there a universal and absolute truth out there that is attainable through research? In other words, does an objective reality exist “out there” that can tell us how things “really are ”?
- Is reality made up of multiple “truths” that rely on human and social perceptions/perspectives (or scientific consensus) that are contextual and temporal?
- Can a researcher be objective? If so, what does it mean to be objective?
- How are ontological and epistemological assumptions manifested in different research designs?
- Are there fundamental principles that should guide all scientific research? If so, what are they?
- How do quantitative and qualitative research approaches differ? Is one better than the other ?
Teaching Methods and Learning Activities
This class is taught in a seminar format with a synchronous on-line option in the event that circumstances prevent us from having the course face-to-face. Teaching methods include interactive discussions and exercises, and seminars.