Nationalism and Democracy resemble a couple in a stormy marriage. In the origin of (Western) democracies, the two were symbiotic: democracy often implied the imagination of a nation. Vice-versa, nationalism in its historical shape also implies the liberation of the people from authoritarian rule, and the introduction of self-rule. Nevertheless, nationalism today is often characterised as the enemy of (liberal) democracy. In the course of the transition towards democracy, (ethnic) nationalism often appears as a side-product, leading to civic conflicts and/or ethnocracies, rather than democracy.