This course deals with three important norms that are often mentioned as part of the ethos of science: objectivity, disinterestedness, and the autonomy of academic research. We will study what these norms are, how they relate to each other and how they structure scientific knowledge production. The aim is to better understand which tensions might arise from the mentioned relations, be this in the natural and social sciences or the humanities. To reach that aim we will focus, in the first part, on classic and contemporary texts on academic freedom and, in the second part, concentrate on one particular case: controversies regarding Holocaust denial. The core guiding normative question of the course is: Is such denial protected by the norm that academic research should be autonomous? If so (or not), why (not)?