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European Security
Course Description

The Course provides an introductory overview of the European Union’s (EU) security and defence policies and the complex decision-making and institutionalization processes that define it, emphasis being given to emerging internal and external emerging security trends. The Course examines the theoretical, institutional, discursive, and global dimensions of the European security and defence integration and the challenges and opportunities faced by the EU as it enhances its global security role and engagement in countering emerging threats at home and abroad. For instance, an aver changing international landscape and new threats such a malicious cyber-attack, hybrid threats, global terrorism, and insecurity-enhancing climate change are played out against conventional armed conflicts such as the ongoing war in Ukraine. They call for more integrated mechanisms at the EU level, as well as strategic autonomy and technological sovereignty. Equally, the geopolitics of new technologies, the security of supply chains, and economic security have exacerbated the impact and reach of hybrid threats, and the EU and other states worldwide have been devoting unprecedented resources to tackle their root causes and combating their trans-border effects. The Course is organized around the main concepts used to study the European security and defence architecture and governance, the EU’s global strategy and power status, the latest advancements in security and defence capability build-up and procurement in the context of the European Defence Fund (EDF) and the European Peace Facility (EPF), as well as the complexities of EU-NATO, EU-China, and EU-Russia dynamics. In particular, the Course will explore how the EU frames and operationalizes its security and defence actorness in the context of emerging threats and risks, as well as emerging and disruptive security technologies. It will also highlight how cutting-edge cyber and drone technologies are giving rise to or countering new forms of conflict management, special consideration being given to the EU’s normative position and practical measures in this regard. This Course will thus provide students with a unique opportunity to get a thorough introduction into and practical approach of how the EU is mitigating rapidly evolving security and defence challenges and risks. 

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