The course is a continuation of the fall course “Discourses of Order I: Introduction to Premodern Political Though”. However, participation in the first part is not a precondition for participating in the second part.
In the focus of the course is the question: What precisely is modern political thought? The course will address discontinuities and breaks with classical and medieval discourses of order, but also the continuity of premodern symbolisms in modern discourses. The first part of the course discusses the disintegration of political thought from traditional cosmological and eschatological frameworks, as exemplified in the writings of humanist, utopian, and protestant political thinkers. The second part is devoted to enlightenment thought, especially the conceptualization of the state as a distinctly modern form of political order and the accompanying symbolisms of sovereignty, people, and nation. The third part discusses the integration of political order in modern conceptions of history, especially in the context of positivist, liberalist, and materialist discourses. The fourth part deals with non-Western discourses of political modernity, at the example of China, Japan, and India.
The format of the course is a combination of class discussions of significant primary sources and accompanying lectures on the intellectual and historical context.