Liberty, Globalisation, and Tax Justice
The first half of the course is more theoretical, examining the libertarian view of justice according to which the role of the state is to protect natural property rights. We will consider questions such as the following:
- Are there pre-legal property rights, i.e. moral facts about ownership which obtain prior to the law?
- If there are pre-legal property rights, do they consist exclusively of rights over one’s own body, or can they be extended to material entities outside of the body? And if the latter, what grounds such rights?
- Is a libertarian conception of property rights consistent with egalitarianism?
The second half of the course will be more applied, mainly focusing on issues of justice pertaining to globalisation and the power of transnational corporations, but also exploring one of two other issues of tax justice:
- Is there a tension between the democratic right of nation states to decide their tax rates and the pressure multinational companies exert on nation states through the mechanism of tax competition?
- Is it possible to regulate global capitalism better? And if so, how?
- Is inheritance tax pernicious double taxation or essential for ensuring equality of opportunity?
By the end of the course, students will gain:
- an understanding of various ethical theories and legislative proposals considered in the course
- the ability to deploy the philosophical techniques and argumentative strategies that can be used to discuss those problems
- the ability to explain the strengths and weaknesses of different positions in this area of political philosophy
the transferable skill of formulating and evaluating arguments for and against various philosophical positions, both orally and in writing
For students taking the class for credit there will be an essay assignment of 2,000 words due at the end of the semester. Students are to formulate their own essay questions based on anything relevant to the topics covered in the module.
Though the class grade is based on the final paper, all course requirements must be completed in a satisfactory manner in order to earn a grade for the class. Should the final essay receive a borderline mark, the student’s overall mark will be adjusted in light of the student’s in-class performance and participation.