Continuing population growth, especially in developing countries is raising demand of such basic commodities as food, water, fuels, wood, etc. At the same time, new technologies and new discoveries are expanding our views on availability of certain resources, such as oil or natural gas. Opening up of new resource bases is often associated with development of new extraction and production practices with negative effects for the environment. Increasing production of electronic equipment raises demands for rare metals which are needed in increasing quantities. Therefore it is becoming critical to consider current and future prospects of consumption and availability of natural resources from environmental perspective.