Transport is a necessary part of our life, while ‘other people’s transport is a troubling effect in the same time. The total air polluting emission of the transport is still increasing, even if the technical development always improve the specific emitting volumes. The transport is also a space polluter: more and more area of the surface is occupied by the networks and tools of the transportation. The change of the trends needs both technical and social development and understanding.
The course aims to give students an understanding of the difference between the transport policies of the mid twentieth century and that of the last half century. In the early modernization period the main target was the construction of the hardware of the transportation and to reconstruct the city tissue to be capable for serving the automobile traffic. The lectures present that kind of historical transport elements in public (‘mass’) transport, in road and rail constructions or in other technical modes, including urban transport; and also present their separation and impacts of that transportation on the environment and on the urban life. The sustainable transport solutions try to integrate transport into the other activities of life; also integrate local (urban) and suburban (regional) transport services; or enforce the cooperation between the different technical modes of the transport (intermodality).